Lesson 4 of 10
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Study Guide / Outline


  • Authorship: The book of Proverbs is attributed to Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel.
  • Editorial Compilation: The book of Proverbs is a result of an editorial compilation, including contributions from various authors such as Solomon, wise men of the ages, Agur, and Lemuel.

Overview of the Book of Proverbs

  • The book of Proverbs is a collection of sayings that encompass various aspects of life.
  • It is a practical book, offering both deep revelation and practical wisdom.
  • The New Testament quotes Proverbs as inspired scripture, highlighting its significance.

Sections in the Book of Proverbs

  1. Wisdom of Solomon (Chapters 1-9): Solomon discusses the concept of wisdom and its importance.
  2. Proverbs of Solomon (Chapters 10-22): A collection of proverbs attributed to Solomon, providing practical guidance.
  3. Words of the Wise (Chapters 22-24): These chapters contain additional sayings and wisdom from various wise individuals.
  4. More Proverbs of Solomon (Chapters 25-29): Continuing proverbs attributed to Solomon, emphasizing wisdom and righteous living.
  5. Words of Lemuel (Proverbs 31:1-9): Lemuel imparts wisdom in these verses, emphasizing justice and righteous leadership.
  6. The Virtuous Woman (Proverbs 31:10-31): A description of the virtuous woman, showcasing her qualities and value.

Types of Proverbs in the Book

  • Historical Proverbs: Famous sayings of the past that have become enduring truths.
  • Metaphorical Proverbs: Two-line sayings using comparisons or contrasts.
  • Enigmas: Riddles or brain teasers.
  • Parabolic Proverbs: More developed comparisons or contrasts.
  • Didactical Proverbs: Geared towards training individuals for leadership and government service.

Duties and Responsibilities

Duties to Oneself

  • Be diligent, not slothful (Proverbs 6:6-11).
  • Avoid sexual impurity (Proverbs 7).
  • Seek wisdom and receive instruction (Proverbs 2).
  • Avoid the dangers of strong drink (Proverbs 23:25-35).
  • Avoid entanglements in other people’s financial problems (Proverbs 6:1-5).
  • Avoid excessive luxury (Proverbs 21:17).

Duties to Others

  • Practice honesty in business dealings (Proverbs 11:1, 28:8).
  • Speak kindly to others (Proverbs encourages kindness in speech).
  • Show mercy to those in need.
  • Uphold fairness and justice without partiality.
  • Train children properly.
  • Be active in helping those in need.

Duties to God

  • Trust in the Lord (Proverbs 3:5).
  • Give offerings to God (Proverbs 10:27).
  • Fear, honor, and respect the Lord (Proverbs emphasizes reverence).
  • Run to God in times of trouble.
  • Put God above everything else (Proverbs 30:7-9).

The Purpose of the Book of Proverbs

  • The book of Proverbs is often referred to as the “laws of heaven for life on earth.”
  • It provides guidance on how to live a prosperous and fulfilling life by obeying God’s principles.
  • It emphasizes the importance of wisdom, not just knowledge, in making decisions and experiencing God’s blessings.

Wisdom Defined

  • Wisdom is not mere knowledge; it is the application of knowledge and experience coupled with the power and courage to apply them.
  • Knowledge alone puffs up, but wisdom edifies through love.
  • Wisdom is not just hearing the Word but actively living it out.
  • Pursuing wisdom ensures that you apply God’s Word and experience its promises.


  • Pursue wisdom above all else, for it leads to the fulfillment of God’s promises.
  • Reading and applying the book of Proverbs helps renew the mind and empowers believers to live wisely and in accordance with God’s Word.