Lesson 5 of 10
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Ecclesiastes Study Guide


  • Authorship: The book is attributed to King Solomon.
  • Title: Ecclesiastes, derived from the Hebrew term “koheleth,” means “the preacher” or “the assembler.”
  • Purpose: To provide wisdom, comfort, encouragement, and direction to God’s people.


  • The central theme is the vanity and fleeting nature of earthly pursuits apart from God.
  • The author’s aim is to lead readers to recognize their responsibility to respect God and keep His commandments.

Chapter 1: Vanity of Wisdom

  • The vanity of worldly wisdom is highlighted.
  • Wisdom of this world, apart from God, is considered empty and vain.
  • The pursuit of worldly wisdom results in grief and sorrow.

Chapter 2: Vanity of Pleasure

  • The pursuit of pleasure is explored.
  • Despite enjoying all that he desired, the author found it all to be vanity and a vexation of spirit.
  • Working hard for worldly gain without God leads to futility.

Chapter 3: The Providence of God

  • The providence of God is discussed.
  • There is a time and season for everything, and God is in control.
  • God’s timing should be trusted, and contentment should be found in every season.

Chapters 4-6: Vanity and Oppression

  • Oppression, envy, and the pursuit of riches are described as vanity.
  • The author warns against bringing worldly standards into the house of God.
  • Believers should not live according to worldly wisdom but seek God’s guidance.

Chapter 7-11: Words of Wisdom

  • The author advises young people to seek words of wisdom.
  • The end of a matter is better than the beginning; readers are encouraged not to murmur about their present condition.
  • The key is to honor God and follow His commandments.

Chapter 12: The Conclusion

  • The author concludes by emphasizing the fear/respect of God and keeping His commandments.
  • The Word of God is presented as the ultimate source of wisdom and guidance.